What is sickle cell disease

September 10, 2021

How to Manage Sickle Cell Disease?


The goal of this article is to provide resources to those living with sickle cell disease and their caregivers. We’ll highlight the main points about sickle cell disease, including: how it’s inherited, risk factors for its development, and treatments available. The article provides a step by step process on how to address the symptoms of sickle cell disease. This article will talk about the disease’s diagnosis, treatment, and prevention.

What is Sickle Cell Disease?

Sickle cell disease is a genetic blood disorder characterized by abnormally shaped red blood cells. It affects the body’s ability to deliver oxygen and also causes chronic pain and tissue damage. Sickle cell disease is an inherited blood disorder that can cause pain and organ damage. There’s no cure for the condition, but it can be managed with medication, regular hospital checks, and genetic counseling. Sickle Cell Disease is a life-threatening condition where the red blood cells are hard, sticky, and sickle-shaped. They change the form of hemoglobin in our red blood cells, which can lead to anemia or organ failure.

Some Causes of Sickle Cell Disease

Sickle cell disease is an inherited, chronic disease in which the red blood cells are deformed. The deformation makes them sickle-shaped instead of round, like they should be. One of the causes of this disease is having parents who are both carriers of the sickle cell gene. Sickle cell disease is a genetic disorder that can be inherited. It’s caused by an abnormal, genetically inherited protein called hemoglobin S, which causes the red blood cells to take on an unusual shape and become rigid. This can cause clogging in small vessels, like those in the lungs, kidneys, or eyes. Sickle cell disease is a blood disorder. It causes red blood cells to take on a sickle shape instead of the usual biconcave disc form. As a consequence, these cells cannot move through small blood vessels properly. The red blood cells become stuck in the vessel and start clumping together after being deprived of oxygen.

Diagnosing Sickle Cell Disease

The symptoms of Sickle Cell Disease can vary from person to person. Some symptoms may include: Shortness of breath, chest pain, headaches, nausea and cramping. The best way to diagnose Sickle Cell Disease is with a blood test. The diagnosis for sickle cell is a blood test, which can be done at a doctor’s office. It requires a small sample of the person’s blood to test for the presence of hemoglobin S or H-S. One of the most common methods doctors use to diagnose sickle cell disease is a blood test. A person with sickle cell has an abnormal type of hemoglobin in their body which causes the red blood cells to take on a curved, or “sickle” shape. These are not flexible enough to carry oxygen efficiently, so they are more likely to clog up arteries and capillaries. This often causes pain because it interrupts proper circulation, resulting in oxygen deprivation.

Treatment Options for Sickle Cell Disease

Sickle cell disease is an inherited blood disorder characterized by abnormal, sickle-shaped erythrocytes. It can affect one or more organs and cause problems with the red blood cells. It’s important to see a doctor as soon as possible if you suspect that you may have it. Treatment options will depend on where the sickle cell is causing problems. One therapy option for people with sickle cell disease is a blood transfusion. This replaces the red blood cells with healthy cells. The downside to this treatment is that it must be done every few months and it can be expensive. Other therapies for this disorder include hydroxyurea, antiviral medications, and pain medication.

Prevention of Sickle Cell Disease

Stay hydrated by drinking plenty of water. Drink lots of fluids if you are exercising or working outside in the heat. If you live in a place where there is a lot of air pollution, check your home for mold or mildew and take steps to remove it. There is no cure for sickle cell disease. But, there are ways to prevent it. It is recommended that children and adults carry a copy of the gene for sickle cell trait and be tested for HbS carrier status before getting pregnant. For those with the disease, prevention includes avoiding dehydration and extreme temperatures; taking iron supplements; staying active; and following a low-protein diet.
There is no cure for sickle cell disease. But there are ways to prevent it. It is recommended that children and adults carry a copy of the gene for sickle cell trait and be tested for Sickle cell disease is caused by an inherited disorder where red blood cells are shaped like a “sickle” instead of the usual disc shape. This leads to ineffective oxygen transfer and other complications. One way to prevent sickle cell disease is by avoiding things that may trigger an attack, such as high altitudes or dehydration.


It’s clear that awareness is key, both for the sufferer themselves and the people around them. The more we talk about sickle cell disease, the better. All in all, the conclusion is that we should be able to manage sickle cell disease. We need to ensure we have enough food and drink to stay hydrated and eat a healthy diet with adequate levels of vitamins and minerals. I wanted to write this article because I wanted to help people who feel like they are in the dark about sickle cell and how it affects them. It can be hard to find information about sickle cell and it is often not well-promoted. That is why I want to start this blog and share my experiences with you so that we can all better understand it.

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