Parkinson disease is a neurological disorder that slows down one’s movements, reduces emotional expression, and has a huge impact on an individual’s quality of life. In this blog article I’m going to cover the basics of Parkinson disease, from causes and symptoms to diagnosis and treatment.
Parkinson’s is a progressive neurological disorder that affects movement. Parkinson’s disease is classified both as a chronic and terminal condition. Such symptoms are caused by the death of brain cells that produce dopamine, which is responsible for regulating muscle movement.
Parkinson’s disease is a term that describes the disorder of the nervous system that affects people. The symptoms of this disorder are first noted as people become 60-70 years old. It becomes apparent when there is difficulty in completing tasks, balance problems, and speech difficulties.
Symptoms of Parkinson’s
Parkinson’s disease is a progressive neurological disorder that affects the motor function and eventually the cognitive functions. Parkinson’s disease is caused by degeneration of nerve cells in the brain, and this degeneration is what causes the symptoms of Parkinson’s.
Parkinson’s is a progressive disorder that affects the nerve cells of the brain that produce dopamine. It causes tremors, stiffness, and poor coordination. Other symptoms include cognitive impairment, trouble speaking or swallowing, and depression. Parkinson’s disease is a progressive neurological disorder that causes difficulty with walking, speaking, and body movement. Early symptoms of Parkinson’s include trembling hands and slowness of movement.
Causes of Parkinson’s Disease
It is caused by the death of cells that produce dopamine in a particular area of the brain. The disease can be genetic, but most cases are not. There are many environmental factors that can increase the risk of getting Parkinson’s Disease. These include head trauma and exposure to pesticides and other toxins. A specific protein called alpha-synuclein is the main cause of Parkinson’s disease.
This protein breaks down and becomes toxic when it clumps together in large masses inside brain cells. The protein causes the cell to malfunction and not work properly. There are a number of theories as to what causes Parkinson’s. One of the most popular is that it is caused by an insufficient supply of dopamine in the brain, which happens when there is a loss of cells that produce this chemical. This lack of dopamine production leads to the symptoms seen in those with Parkinson’s, including tremors and difficulty balancing.
Diagnosis of Parkinson’s
The symptoms of Parkinson’s disease can vary from person to person and may include:
Tremor: shaking or trembling in a hand, foot, or other body part such as the lips or tongue.
Rigidity: stiffness of the body and loss of flexibility in movements.
Bradykinesia: slowness of movement and difficulty doing tasks that require quick movements.
Postural instability: loss of balance while standing still or walking, known as gait problems.
There is no single test that can diagnose Parkinson’s disease, but doctors will typically use a combination of neurological, clinical, and radiological findings to determine the likelihood of Parkinson’s. The diagnosis of Parkinson’s does not usually involve testing, but rather the recognition of symptoms. There are three main tests that are used during diagnosis: PET scan, MRI, and MIBG scan.
Treatment Options for Parkinson’s
Parkinson’s disease is an irreversible, progressive neurological disorder. It is also one of the most common chronic diseases in the elderly population. The disease is caused by the death of dopamine-producing cells in a region of your brain called substantia nigra.
There are some treatment options for Parkinson’s including medication and surgery. Today, there are a number of treatments that have been approved by the FDA for PD. Levadopa/carbidopa is still considered to be the gold standard for PD treatment, but a few others have been approved as well.
There are also a few experimental treatments being studied in clinical trials. There are many treatments that you can use to alleviate Parkinson’s symptoms. The first one is medication. There are various different types of medication that you could take, such as levodopa and carbidopa which keep dopamine levels up. Another treatment option is surgery. This is used in some cases when the person has a tremor or stiffness in their arms and legs.
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