Emphysema: The Most Common Lung Disease
Lung disease is an umbrella term that refers to a group of diseases that affect the lungs. Some common types of lung disease are asthma, emphysema, cystic fibrosis, and pneumonia. Most lung disease is caused by smoking or environmental conditions.
Many people have experienced emphysema, a chronic lung disease that deprives the breath of oxygen. It is very common, especially in smokers and those with a family history of emphysema. In this article, learn about the causes and symptoms of this condition.
Emphysema: A History
The lung disease emphysema is very old. In ancient Greece, it was known as “the black phlegm of the lungs.” The Latin word for this condition is pulmonis cythara, sometimes translated as “pale phlegm.” Emphysema is the most common lung disease worldwide. It is considered to be one of the most important causes of death in the world.
The word “emphysema” comes from the Greek words “ephtha-” meaning to “blow” and “-lasma” meaning “tissue.” The disease affects both lungs, where cells are damaged due to increased production of fluids within the alveoli. This leads to an accumulation of mucus, phlegm, and blood that can obstruct breathing pathways. Emphysema is a disease that affects the lungs which causes them to become damaged and produce little oxygen. It’s a lung disease that is most common in adults over the age of 40. Although not too popular, it can be treated with medication and sometimes surgery to repair damage.
Symptoms: How to Recognize
Symptoms of the most common lung condition, emphysema, vary depending on what stage it is in and what kind of emphysema you have. People with peripheral or obstructive emphysema usually experience shortness of breath when they go up stairs or when they exercise. People with central or restrictive emphysema often feel like their lungs are filling up and burning. Symptoms of emphysema include coughing more than usual, wheezing, and shortness of breath after exertion.
When someone with emphysema has a respiratory infection like pneumonia, sinusitis, or bronchitis, the cough can be severe and prolonged. It is especially worrisome if they also breathe rapidly or sigh deeply when they inhale. Symptoms of Emphysema may include wheezing, chest pain, shortness of breath, coughing, and mucus production. Many of these symptoms can be attributed to other health conditions or viruses. The most common of these are bronchitis and pneumonia.
Emphysema is a progressive lung disease that leads to shortness of breath, exhaustion and a restrictive airspace. The restrictive airspace can cause life-threatening complications if left untreated. There are two main treatments for emphysema: smoking cessation and pulmonary rehabilitation. Each treatment has its own advantages and disadvantages, so it’s best to discuss treatment options with your doctor.
One of the most common lung diseases is emphysema. There are three treatments available to slow down this lung disease. The first treatment option is using a steroids inhaler, which has shown some success in slowing down the progression of the disease. The second option is oxygen therapy, which can be used in conjunction with any other drug or treatment option. Finally, the third option is surgery, which entails removing parts of the lungs to reduce its size. According to the National Heart, Lung and Blood Institute, around 5.5 million adults in the United States suffer from emphysema. The condition is a disease that causes restricted lung capacity and is frequently related to cigarette smoking.
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