Pressure ulcers are a type of wound caused by repeated pressure on the skin. They can also be referred to as bedsores or decubitus ulcers. Pressure ulcers are especially hard to deal with because nobody knows how they happen, and there is no one-size-fits-all treatment. This article looks at the main pressure ulcers causes and how to avoid them.
What are Pressure Ulcers?
Pressure ulcers are a type of skin condition that occurs when the soft tissue under the skin is broken down by constant pressure. For example, if you have an ulcer on your foot and you walk around all day, the tissue under your foot will be continually pushed against the bottom of your shoe, resulting in an ulcer.
Pressure Ulcers Causes
Pressure ulcers Causes are skin wounds that develop when skin is trapped between two surfaces, with or without the presence of bacteria. The surface under the skin is typically a pillow, mattress, board, or other object. This can occur in various places with various types of pressure on the body. Pressure ulcers causes by wearing the wrong type of garment and exposing areas of your body in your clothing for extended periods. This leads to the skin getting wet and resulting in a bacterial infection. As your body’s extremities get exposed to the outside, under pressure, it turns to the surrounding tissue in an effort to protect itself. This process will cause excess fluid buildup, which leads to development of ulcers. Wearing clothes that do not fit properly, especially clothes that are tight, hot, or sweaty will cause the skin to dry out. Moisture is then trapped between your body and the clothes, which leads to the formation of ulcers. Pressure ulcers causes are often more severe on individuals who are bedridden. This occurs as a result of the individual having a tendency to lie flaccid on the surface of the bed, thus creating a pressure point on their skin.
The pressure exerted on the skin by the mattress, bed frame, cushions, and other bedding will cause them to flatten out and lose their normal shape. If the skin is not replaced, it will begin to dry out and crack, thus creating a window for bacteria and fungus to enter and possibly cause an infection. Pressure ulcers can also be caused by blood clots, which will form between the skin and the mattress , and eventually cause a burn. When the skin has been damaged in this manner, healing is painful and slow, and can be fatal if it is not treated in a timely manner. In order to prevent pressure sores from forming, medical attention from a doctor or nurse is necessary.
Can a Pressure Uler be prevented?
Pressure ulcers are wounds that occur on the surface of the skin, anywhere from the waist down to the feet. They can be caused by prolonged pressure, including working in an unusual position for extended periods of time or sitting/lying in one place for long periods of time. The most common risk factor is obesity. To decrease the chance of developing these ulcers, it is important to avoid the following: increasing workloads, avoiding prolonged sitting, increasing heat exposure and extreme cold exposure. Preventing pressure ulcers can be done by following good hygiene practices, wearing appropriate footwear and taking preventative measures before the pressure starts. Pressure ulcers are caused by long term pressure on one or more of the following: joints, ligaments, muscles, bones, and skin. If you can identify any of these areas of pressure and take some preventative measures they may be able to avoid them from getting a pressure ulcer. They can also help reduce the risk if their loved ones.
How do I know if a patient has a pressure ulcer?
Pressure ulcers can be caused by a number of factors, including:
– Poor blood flow and oxygenation
– Advancing age , weakening or inflammation of the skin, muscle and bone
– Exposure to heat, cold or dampness
– Chronic poor nutritional status
– Premature mobilization from bed or wheelchair
– Pressure, friction or rubbing on the skin
– Lower limb wounds in people with vascular disease
– Presence of constricting garments that do not allow for normal blood flow to the skin
– In the elderly, sickle cell disease and other genetic disorders affecting red blood cells
– Pregnancy and labor or delivery- Having a catheter or other urinary support device in place
– Skin disorders and diseases such as eczema (inflammation of the skin ) and psoriasis (an immune-system disorder that causes scaly red patches).
Treatments for a pressure ulce
Pressure ulcers are a type of wound caused by a constant pressure on a specific area of the body. When a person stands or sits for long periods of time, they may develop pressure ulcers on their lower legs or feet. The area becomes dry and swollen. When a person becomes too short to maintain a normal posture, they may also develop pressure ulcers on the back of their legs or buttocks, and on the back of their thighs and knees.
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